BIOTECHNOLOGY

INTRODUCTION

Man is often regarded as a living machine performing according to the grand design of nature, following physical principles and is amenable to various analytical considerations – a good number of which require engineering principles and practice. It is therefore pragmatic for professionals in engineering and medicine to cooperate in the emerging and potentially lucrative and exciting field of biomedical technology.

 

Usually ‘biomedical’ implies a greater emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases. Biomedical Technology (BMT), a synergy of Biotechnology and Medical Technology, involves the applications of biological and medical engineering in solving problems related to man. BMT is concerned with the theory, design and production of biomedical systems, components and devices used in the basic levels of health care, viz. Preventive, Therapeutic and Rehabilitative. Therefore, Biomedical Technology involves the application of science, engineering and technological principles to the area of biological or living systems related to health and diseases. 

 

Biomedical Technology is the modern application of biomedical engineering which involves the design, analysis and synthesis of healthy human systems or its components in health care and promotion. The Design component is the general planning of a system; Analysis is the study of a system by examining its parts and their relationship; while Synthesis is the combination of separate things or subsystems to form a system or complete whole. It is based on the understanding of pure sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology with medicine.

 

Biomedical Engineering and Technology, which is the focus of our Departmental programme, is the melting pot of all engineering disciplines applicable to biology and medicine. Our programme is mainly concerned with the synthesis of appropriately relevant aspects of all engineering disciplines in tackling preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative challenges in Medicine. For instance, the students are trained on how to basically employ the principles and practice of Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical, Nuclear and Mechanotronics Engineering in the scientific study and resolution of medical problems. 

 

For instance, Clinical Engineering, a specialty in Biomedical Technology, involves scientific measurements, developments of devices and interaction with relevant aspects of clinical practice. A graduate of Clinical Engineering and Technology naturally becomes an interface between the various medical equipments and the patient under the management and supervision of the Clinician. 

 

The functional activities of our graduates of Biomedical Engineering and Technology include medical device design, fabrication and testing; prosthetics fabrication; ergonomics and human factors monitoring; physiological functions monitoring; home health care technology development; biomedical informatics; functional imaging and tomography; biomaterial, including drug development with biocompatibility; artificial tissue and organ fabrication; cell and biomolecule-based sensors and therapeutics; gene therapy development; biomedical microsystems and management. 

 

Despite the diversity of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, its scope is changing rapidly with advances in Biology, Medicine and Technology. Meanwhile, our pioneering Nigeria’s degree programme is primarily concerned with health care equipment maintenance, installation, testing, research and development for optimal health care delivery. It is inculcates the fundamentals of physico-chemical interactions of life with a view to solve varied health problems through biomedical research and engineering. 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME

The programme is designed for the training of students on how to efficiently synergize the basic knowledge of biology and medicine with those of physical sciences and engineering in order to design, fabricate, maintain and repair biomedical devices and also improve local technologies in healthcare and promotion through biomedical research and development. The graduates are equipped to function as professionals and entrepreneurs.

 

AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME

The aim of the B. Tech. programme in Biomedical Technology is to produce graduates equipped with fundamental knowledge of relevant sciences, medicine and engineering principles and skills in order to carry out basic design, fabrication and management of biomedical devices and solve technological problems in medicine, healthcare and safety through their professional service, entrepreneurialship, research and development.

The Objectives of the Programme include:

1. To train students in the relevant fundamental areas of the biological, medical, physical, and engineering sciences in addition to the applications of  biomaterials, biomedical safety, clinical and rehabilitation engineering and technologies in order to design, manufacture, test and maintain biomedical devices or materials for overall healthcare delivery. 

2. To inculcate in undergraduate students the basic sound knowledge on theory, design and production of biomedical systems, components, drugs or devices used in health management and rehabilitation.

3. To produce graduates with sufficient basic training and skills to complement other professionals in the broad field of biomedical services and engineering technology.  

4. To equip the students with the necessary knowledge and skills required for biomedical research and indigenous technological development.

5. To produce graduates who are versatile to work in all biomedical establishments and have the prerequisite entrepreneurial skills and in-training work experience to be self – employed.

 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

The prerequisites for admission into the five (5)-year B. Tech. degree programme in Biomedical Technology are as follows:

 

Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) Entry Requirements

In addition to the departmentally approved minimum cut-off score in UTME (with combination subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and English only), the candidate must have WAEC WASC or SSCE or NECO results with at least credit passes in five (5) relevant subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English, at not more than two (2) sittings in the West African School Certificate or in the Senior Secondary Certificate or National Examination Council examinations.

 

Direct Entry Requirements: 

a. Joint University Preliminary Examinations Board (JUPEB) requirements as approved by FUTO.

b. Advanced General Certificate of Examination (A’ Level) with HSC/GCE/A/Level credit passes in two relevant subjects, with SC/GCE O/Level Credit passes in Mathematics and three other subjects listed above in not more than two sittings

c. First degrees with at least second class lower division in medical science or engineering are eligible for admission as determined by the University Senate.

d. Holders of the accredited Ordinary National Diploma (OND) certificate at Upper Credit level pass are eligible for admission into the 2nd year (200level) programme of the Department. 

e. Holders of accredited Higher National Diploma (HND) (electrical and electronics engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering) at Upper Credit level pass are eligible for admission into the 3rd year (300 level) programme of the Department, provided in addition to fulfilling the requirements above

In addition to fulfilling the requirements stated above, the candidates must hold five relevant credit passes in O’ level subjects, including Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English, at not more than two sittings; and met with prevailing JAMB Direct entry requirements.

 

Inter-University Transfer

Applicants should possess a minimum of CGPA of 3.5 on 5-point scale in Biomedical Engineering or Technology from reputable Universities.

 

N.B: All candidates before any admission must satisfy all the conditions as approved by the National Universities Commission or Senate of the University.

 

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES OF THE GRADUATES

The graduates of this programme will reasonably fill in the gaps existing in all biomedical technology establishments and markets, even as self employed. Career opportunities exist in the following options of biomedical technology:

1. Biomedical Instrumentation Technology

2. Clinical Engineering

3. Biomedical Informatics Technology

4. Biomedical Rehabilitation Technology

5. Biopharmaceutical Technology

6. Genetic Engineering

7. Tissue Engineering

8. Biomedical Technology Education and Research 

9. Biomedical Equipment Marketing and Installations

10. Biomedical Equipment Maintenance and Repair

11. Biomedical Equipment Management

 

BRIEF HISTORY OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME 

In line with FUTO mandate in health care, the programme curriculum for Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Technology was developed by a team of experts drawn from the School of Health Technology; School of Engineering and Engineering Technology; School of Science; Nigerian Institute of Biomedical Engineering and other stakeholders.

 

FUTO pioneered the Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) degree programme in Biomedical Technology in Nigeria, perhaps in sub-Saharan Africa with Physiotherapeutic Technology in 2003/2004. The programme was changed to Physiokinetics and Biomedical Technology in 2007/2008; and to the current Biomedical Technology in 2009/2010, as enthusiastically recommended by the National Universities Commission following an accreditation exercise.   

 

The Department had her first batch of relevant academic staff in 2005 with a Medical Biochemist, Dr. C.G. Osuagwu as the pioneer Ag. Head of Department; and Dr. S.C. Iwuji as the first Examination/ Time Table Officer for about 6 years. Professor G.C. Okoye, a visiting Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine and Bioengineering from University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, took over the headship of the Department from 2008 to 2010 session. Dr C.G. Osuagwu held the position again in 2011 before leaving for his sabbatical leave. Dr. G.I.N. Ndubuka, a Senior Pathologist headed the Department till August, 2017. The 4th Ag Head of Department, Dr. S.C. Iwuji, a Physio-pharmacologist, was appointed by the 7th substantive Vice Chancellor, Prof F.C. Eze in July 2017. 

 

Some graduates of the Department are undergoing higher degree programmes (M.Sc. and Ph.D) in renowned Universities within and outside the country. Most of the graduates are employed in the health care sector because of dearth of Biomedical Engineering Technologists. Some are gainfully employed as Research / Training Officers or Marketing Reps of biomedical equipment manufacturing and/ installation companies. Others are into allied private enterprises.

 

HUMAN RESOURCES

The list below contains experts specially involved in the peculiar training of students of the programme. The students also take courses from all relevant schools and units of the University viz. Biological Science, Physical Science, Engineering and Engineering Technology, Health Technology, Basic Medical Science, General Studies, Entrepreneurial and SIWES. Hence, a lot of human and material resources are involved in biomedical engineering technology.

100 Level

1st Semester
Course Code Unit
BIOLOGY FOR AGRICULTURE AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE I BIO 101/103
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I CHM 101
ENGINEERING DRAWING ENG 103
INTRODUCTION TO FRENCH FRN 101
INTRODUCTION TO IGBO GRAMMAR IGB 101
ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS I MTH 101
GENERAL PHYSICS I PHY 101
2nd Semester
Course Code Unit
BIOLOGY FOR AGRICULTURE AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE II BIO 102/104
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II CHM 102
WORKSHOP PRACTICE II ENG 102
ENGINEERING DRAWING II ENG 104
FRENCH LANGUAGE II FRN 102
USE OF ENGLISH II GST 102
SOCIAL SCIENCE I GST 108
SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY GST 110
IGBO LANGUAGE II IGB 102
ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS II MTH 102
GENERAL PHYSICS II PHY 102

200 Level

1st Semester
2nd Semester

300 Level

1st Semester
2nd Semester

400 Level

1st Semester
2nd Semester

500 Level

1st Semester
2nd Semester

Dr. Anyadoh-Nwadike Sylvia Onyinyechi

Senior Lecturer

Contact Information
nil@email.com

Biography

Anyadoh-Nwadike, Sylvia Onyinyechi is a senior lecturer in the Department of Biotechnology, Fedral University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State. She holds a B.Sc. Hons. in Microbiology, M.Sc and Ph.D in Pharmaceutical Microbiology. Her current research interest is on Genetic profiling of Multidrug Resistant Microorganisms and the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance of locally isolated Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus to specific antibiotics. She also has special interest in identification and isolation of antimicrobial substances from plants. Dr. Anyadoh-Nwadike has been lecturing at Federal university of Technology Owerri, Nigeria since 2005. She is a member of many professional and non professional bodies such as Nigerian Society for Microbiology, Nigeria Environmental Society, Organization for Women in Science in the developing world, International Research and Development Institute, Catholic Graduates Association etc. She has published in several national and international journals. Dr. Anyadoh-Nwadike is a reviewer for some journals. She has also acted as guest editor to special issue of the Science Journal of Public Health. Aside academic endeavours, she also indulges in community development working as a resource person and guest speaker in several issues especially concerning women and youths.

Dr. Mrs. Udensi Justina Ugochi

Lecturer I

Contact Information
nil@email.com

Biography

Dr Mrs Udensi J.U. is a lecturer in the Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology Owerri. She holds a B.Tech in Industrial Microbiology, M.Sc and Ph.D in Environmental Health Biology. She has research interest in Environmental Health related areas such as Environmental Microbiology/Health Biology and Environmental Biotechnology. She teaches both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Environmental and Agricultural Biotechnology, Pests Control and Management Technology, and Environmental Health Biology. Dr Udensi is a member of the following learned societies: Biotechnology Society of Nigeria (BSN), Nigerian Society for Microbiology (NSM), Nigerian Environmental Society (NES), Society for Environmental and Health Organization of Nigeria, Organization of Women in Science for Developing World (OWSDW). She has publications in both National and International journals. Aside her major academic field, she has served as a guest speaker and resource person in many religious and secular fora, and a columnist in the health section of a local tabloid, Umuhu-Okabia Academic League Magazine.