The term ‘biomedical’ implies a greater emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases. Biomedical Technology is the synergy of Biotechnology and Medical Technology which consists of the applications of biological and medical engineering in solving problems related to man. It is concerned with the theory, design and production of biomedical systems, components and devices used in the basic levels of health care: Preventive, Therapeutic and Rehabilitative. Therefore, Biomedical Engineering (BME) broadly means the application of engineering principles and concepts to the area of living systems with the main emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases. It is often loosely called Biomedical Engineering which is primarily for health care purposes.
Man can be said to be a living machine performing according to the grand design of nature and therefore is amenable to various analytical considerations – a good number of which require engineering principles and practice. Thus, it became pragmatic for professionals in engineering and medicine to cooperate in the emerging and potentially lucrative and exciting field of biomedical technology.
Biomedical Technology is the modern application of biomedical engineering which involves the design, analysis and synthesis of healthy human systems or its components. The Design component is the general planning of a system; Analysis is the study of a system by examining its parts and their relationship; while Synthesis is the combination of separate things or subsystems to form a system or complete whole. It is based on the understanding of pure sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. However, Biology and Medicine form the major basis for Biomedical Engineering Technology.
Biomedical Engineering Technology, which is the focus of the Departmental programme, is the melting pot of all engineering disciplines applicable to biology and medicine. The programme is mainly concerned with the synthesis of appropriately relevant aspects of all engineering disciplines in tackling preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative challenges in Medicine. For instance, the students are trained on how to basically employ the principles and practice of Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical and Nuclear Engineering in the scientific study and resolution of practical problems in Medicine.
Clinical Engineering, an aspect of Biomedical Technology, involves medical measurements, developments of devices and interaction with relevant aspects of clinical practice. A graduate Clinical Engineer /Technologist naturally becomes an interface between the various medical equipment and the patient under the management and supervision of the Clinician. The programme, therefore, inculcates in her students the applications of the fundamentals of mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology to solve medically-relevant problems.
The functional activities of graduates of biomedical engineering / technology include medical device design, fabrication, and testing, prosthetics fabrication, ergonomics and human factors monitoring, physiological functions monitoring, home healthcare technology development, biomedical informatics, functional imaging and tomography, biomaterial development with biocompatibility, artificial tissue and organ fabrication, cell and biomolecule-based sensors, therapeutics, gene therapy development, biomedical microsystems and management.
Despite the current diversity of Biomedical Technology, its scope continues to change, and grow rapidly with advances in biology, materials science, medicine and technology. The Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) Biomedical Technology programme is primarily concerned with Health Care Equipment Research, Development, Installation, Use and Maintenance; Healthcare Data-Processing; Tissue and Regenerative Engineering; Rehabilitative Technology and Bioenergetics; Biomaterial and Pharmaceutical Technology for optimal healthcare delivery in the developing world.
In line with the FUTO mandate for health technology, the curriculum for Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Biomedical Technology was developed by a team of experts drawn from the School of Health Technology; School of Engineering and Engineering Technology; School of Science; Nigeria Institute of Biomedical Engineering and other stakeholders.
FUTO pioneered the Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) degree programme in Biomedical Engineering/Technology in Nigeria, perhaps in sub-Saharan Africa. This programme was named Physiotherapeutic Technology in 2003/2004. It changed to Physiokinetics and Biomedical Technology in 2007/2008 and to the current Biomedical Technology in 2009/2010, as recommended by the National Universities Commission following an accreditation visit.
The Department had her first batch of relevant academic staff in 2005 with a Medical Biochemist, Dr C.G. Osuagwu as the pioneer Ag. Head of Department. Dr S.C. Iwuji was the first Examination/ Time Table Officer for about 6 years before Engr. K.O. Ejeta took over.
Professor G.C. Okoye, a Professor of Bioengineering and Rehabilitation Medicine, on sabbatical from University of Nigeria Enugu Campus became the Head of Department from 2008 to 2010 academic session.
Dr G.I.N. Ndubuka, a Senior Pathologist headed the Department from 2011 to July 2017 when the 4th Head of Department was appointed.
Dr S.C. Iwuji is a Physiologist & Safety Pharmacologist was returned from the Department of Human and Applied Physiology where he pioneered HOD until June 30, 2017. He successfully led the Department during the December 4-7, 2017 NUC re-accreditation exercise.
Some graduates of the Department are undergoing higher degree studies in renowned Universities within and outside Africa. Some are employed in the healthcare sector because of the dearth of Biomedical Engineers/ Technologists in Nigeria. Some graduates are into teaching, research and development. Some are into marketing and supply of biomedical equipment/installations. Others are utilizing their acquired skills in related private enterprises.
The Objectives of the Programme include:
- To provide students with a broad and balanced scientific and practical foundation to be able to function as professional Biomedical Engineering /Technology practitioners.
- To inculcate in students a sense of enthusiasm in the profession in order to enhance their capacity to apply skills in biomedical technology in the solution of theoretical and practical problems in healthcare.
- To involve the students in an intellectually stimulating and satisfying experience of learning, studying and research.
- The application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field, to combine the design and problem-solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis and treatment.
- To develop in students, through education in biomedical technology, a range of transferable skills of value in medical equipment design, research and development.
- To provide students with a knowledge and skills base from which they can proceed to further studies in specialized areas involving medical sciences and ever-changing technological innovation to enhance healthcare delivery.
- To empower graduates of Biomedical Technology with skills that will enable them to engage in income yielding ventures as well as increasing their entrepreneurial capacity.
Meet our Team
|1||Mrs Chioma C. Okey-Mbata||Lecturer II|
|2||Dr Ir. Samuel C. Uzoechi||Lecturer II|
|3||Miss Ibemusu M. Otele||Assistant Lecturer|
|4||Toochukwu E. Chibuike||Graduate Assistant|
|5||Dr Samuel C. Iwuji||Reader (Associate Dean)|
|6||Dr Ndubuka G. I. Nnanta||Reader|
|7||Mr Chimaobi W. Okafor||Lecturer I|
|8||Engr. Kennedy O. Ejeta||Lecturer I|
|9||Eno Ajuogu||Lecturer I|
|10||Banigo A. Tamunonengiofori||Lecturer II|
|11||Emmanuel C. Nwosu||Graduate Assistant|
|12||Afoma L. Okafor||Graduate Assistant|
|13||Engr. Dr Azeez O. Taofik||Senior Lecturer (HOD)|
100 Level Courses
Year One: Harmattan Semester
|Course No||Course Title||L||T||P||Units|
|GST 101||Use of English I||1||1||0||2|
|MTH 101||Elementary Mathematics I||3||1||0||4|
|PHY 101||General Physics I||2||1||1||4|
|CHM 101||General Chemistry I||3||0||1||4|
|BIO 103||Biology for Agric & Biological Science I||2||0||1||3|
|ENG 101||Workshop Practice I||0||0||1||1|
|ENG 103||Engineering Drawing I||0||0||1||1|
|FRN101/IGB101||Introduction to French / Igbo||1||0||0||1|
Year One: Rain Semester
|GST 102||Use of English II||1||1||0||2|
|GST 108||Social Sciences||1||0||0||1|
|GST 110||Science, Technology, Society||1||0||0||1|
|MTH 102||Elementary Mathematics II||3||1||0||4|
|PHY 102||General Physics II||2||1||1||4|
|CHM 102||General Chemistry II||3||0||1||4|
|BIO 104||Biology for Agric & Biological Science II||2||0||1||3|
|ENG 102||Workshop Practice II||0||0||1||1|
|ENG 104||Engineering Drawing II||0||0||1||1|
|FRN102/IGB102||Introduction to French / Igbo||1||0||0||1|
200 Level Courses
Year Two: Harmattan Semester
|GST 211||Nigerian and African Culture||1||0||0||1|
|CSC 201||Computer and Applications||1||1||1||3|
|ENG 213||Engineering Mechanics I (Statics)||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 221||Electrical and Electronic Engineering I||2||0||0||2|
|ENG 219||Bioengineering Materials I||2||0||0||2|
|HST 201||Human Anatomy I||1||0||1||2|
|BCH 201||General Biochemistry||2||0||1||3|
|STA 211||Introduction to Statistics and Probability||1||1||0||2|
|MCB 201||General Microbiology||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 241||Biomedical Mathematics I||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 203||Human Physiology I||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 201||Introduction to Biomedical Technology||1||0||0||1|
Year Two: Rain Semester
|ENG 224||Engineering Mechanics II (Dynamics)||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 226||Electrical & Electronic Engineering II||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 228||Bioengineering Materials II||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 204||Human Physiology II||1||0||1||2|
|BCH 202||Medical Biochemistry||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 222||Excitable Tissues and Electrophysiology||1||1||1||3|
|CHM 204||Organic Chemistry for Health Professionals||2||0||1||3|
|BMT 212||Human Anatomy II||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 242||Biomedical Mathematics II||1||1||0||2|
|MGT 206||Health Psychology||1||1||0||2|
|Long Vacation Following Year Two|
300 Level Courses
Year Three: Harmattan Semester
|ENS 301||Introduction to Entrepreneurship & Innovation||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 319||Thermo-fluids for Health Professionals||2||0||1||3|
|PTE 301||Polymer Chemistry||2||0||0||2|
|HST 301||General Pathology||2||0||0||2|
|HST 303||Introduction to Pharmacology||2||0||0||2|
|BMT 391||Biomedical Technology Practicum I||0||0||1||1|
|BMT 331||Biomedical Electronics I||2||0||0||2|
|BMT 333||Biomedical Instrumentation I||2||0||0||2|
|BMT 301||Professionalism, Ethics and Code of conduct||1||0||0||1|
|BMT 315||Medical Genetics I||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 311||Healthcare Technology Planning||1||0||0||1|
|BMT 371||Introduction To Biomedical Physics||1||0||0||1|
Year Three: Rain Semester
|HST 304||Statistics for Health Technology||1||1||0||2|
|ENS 302||Business creation growth and corporate governance||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 302||Biomedical System Analysis||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 322||Introduction to Sports Medical Technology||2||0||1||3|
|BMT 312||Introduction to Clinical studies||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 334||Biomedical Instrumentation II (Signal Processing)||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 332||Biomedical Electronics II||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 352||Introduction to Human Biotechnology||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 372||Biomedical Radiation Technology||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 310||Medical Genetics II||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 392||Biomedical Technology Practicum II||0||0||1||1|
400 Level Courses
Year Four: Harmattan Semester
|ENG 407||Biomedical Devices and Mechanisms||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 409||Human Biomechanics||1||0||1||2|
|HST 401||Health Management Information Systems||2||0||0||2|
|BMT 493||Research Methods in Biomedical Technology||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 421||Ergonomics, Environmental Hazards and Laboratory Safety||3||0||1||4|
|BMT 461||Introduction to Clinical & Rehabilitation Engineering||2||0||0||2|
|BMT 491||Industrial Visits and Seminars||0||0||1||1|
|BMT 441||Ambulatory Technology and e-Health||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 495||Biomedical Technology Practicum III||0||0||1||1|
Year Four: Rain Semester
|SIW 400||Biomedical Engineering Internship/Industrial Training (Long Vacation Internship/SIWES programme in relevant industries/hospitals)||0||0||6||6|
Year Five: Harmattan Semester
|ENG 501||Biomedical Devices Design||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 503||Manufacturing Processes||1||0||1||2|
|ENG 521||Biomedical Equipment Maintenance Management I||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 523||BMT Seminars||0||0||1||1|
|BMT 551||Genetic and Tissue Engineering||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 541||Biomedical Informatics||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 591||Project Proposal Writing and Presentation||0||0||1||1|
|BMT 593||Biomedical Laboratory Practicum IV||0||0||1||1|
|BMT 581||Disabilities and Assistive Technologies||1||0||1||2|
|Electives (minimum of 2)||2||0||2||4|
|Elective Courses (select a minimum of 4 units)|
|BMT 531||Biomedical Telemetry||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 553||Bioprocess Technology||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 555||Pharmaceutical Technology||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 561||Clinical Deformities and Management||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 511||Introduction to Forensic Science and Mortuary Technology||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 533||Intensive Care and Clinical Instrumentation||1||0||1||2|
Year Five: Rain Semester
|BMT 522||Equipment Reliability and Safety Technology||1||1||0||2|
|ENG 524||Biomedical Equipment Maintenance Management II||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 542||Computer-Aided Design of Biomedical Equipment||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 572||Clinical Imaging Technology||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 598||Final Year Project & Oral Examination||0||0||6||6|
|Electives (minimum of)||2||0||2||4|
|Elective Courses (Select a minimum of 4 units)|
|BMT 552||Introduction to Nanotechnology||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 562||Issues in Clinical Engineering Technology||1||1||0||2|
|BMT 584||Design of Artificial Organs & Assistive Technologies||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 582||Indigenous Biomedical Technologies||1||0||1||2|
|BMT 546||Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery||1||1||0||2|
According to WHO (2017), trained and qualified Biomedical Engineering/ Technology professionals are required within health-care systems to design, evaluate, regulate, acquire, maintain, manage and train on safe health technologies. WHO and ILO highly valued the BME/BMT professionals and their salaries are tops.
The graduates of this programme will reasonably fill in the gaps existing in all biomedical establishments/markets, even as self-employed. Career opportunities exist in the following areas:
- Health-care providers: Their roles can include asset management, equipment selection, installation, training and maintenance, planning of clinical areas for health-care delivery, supporting other healthcare professionals to define appropriate technologies for patient diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation as well as development of specialized instruments or devices for research or treatment and customized, patient-specific devices.
- As Clinical Engineers in hospitals, health and fitness centres, ICUs, etc.
- As Biomedical Informatics in hospitals, information and health management agencies, etc.
- As Medical Rehabilitation Engineers in hospitals, homes, research institutions, etc.
- As Biomedical Equipment Managers in health establishments, agencies or centres, etc.
- Research and development: They bring together their broad engineering knowledge, coupled with their knowledge of medical practice, the human physiology and body structures to ensure the end result of their collective work is a product that is safe, effective and performs as intended for the benefit of the patient.
- Biogenetics used for teaching and research institutions, regenerative medicine.
- Bioengineering / Tissue Engineering used in prosthetics, plastic surgery, etc
- Biomedical Engineering (BME)/ Technology Education and Research used in tertiary institutions, research centres, etc.
- Government: They are also engaged by government such as ministries of health, working on central or regional level health-care technology management, or governmental organizations such as health technology assessment or regulatory agencies, where their skills are applied to the evaluation for selection of public procurement, reimbursement schemes or examination or testing of medical devices to ensure those to be placed on the market are safe and in compliance with international standards and regulatory requirements.
- Industry: They are involved in Research and Development (R&D); sales and service and providing after-sales service, like training, maintenance and repair.
- Pharmaceutical Technology is useful for biopharmaceutical companies, etc.
- BME is useful in medical equipment manufacturing industries.
- Academic and Training Institutions: BMT graduates may also acquire further education to teach/train in higher institutions. They can also work as technologists.
- Biomedical Instrumentation is useful in education and training institutions, etc.
The prerequisites for admission into the five (5)-year B. Tech. degree programme in Biomedical Technology are as follows:
Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) Entry Requirements
In addition to the departmentally approved minimum cut-off score in UTME (with combination subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and English only), the candidate must have WAEC WASC or SSCE or NECO results with at least credit passes in five (5) relevant subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English, at not more than two (2) sittings in the West African School Certificate or in the Senior Secondary Certificate or National Examination Council examinations.
- Joint University Preliminary Examinations Board (JUPEB) requirements as approved by FUTO.
- Advanced General Certificate of Examination (A’ Level) with HSC/GCE/A/Level credit passes in two relevant subjects, with SC/GCE O/Level Credit passes in Mathematics and three other subjects listed above is not more than two sittings.
- First degrees with at least second class lower division in medical science or engineering are eligible for admission as determined by the University Senate.
- Holders of the accredited Ordinary National Diploma (OND) BME certificate at Upper Credit level pass are eligible for admission into the 2nd year (200level) programme of the Department.
- Holders of accredited Higher National Diploma (HND) (electrical and electronics engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering) at Upper Credit level pass are eligible for direct entry admission
- In addition to fulfilling the requirements stated in above 4.2, the candidates must hold five relevant credit passes in O’ level subjects, including Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English, at not more than two sittings; and met with prevailing JAMB Direct entry requirements.
Applicants should possess a minimum of CGPA of 3.5 on a 5-point scale in Biomedical Engineering or Technology from reputable Universities.
N.B: All candidates before any admission must satisfy all the conditions as approved by the National Universities Commission and Senate of the University.
Engr. Dr. Azeez, T. Oladimeji
HOD, Biomedical Engineering