The increasing demand for transportation has been a driving force for governments to allocate significant portions of their annual budgets to the transport sector.
Maritime transport to be specific, enjoy economies of scale-where large quantities of cargo can be transported at the relatively cheaper unit price.
The ports as a component of the maritime transport serve as a gateway to a nations economic development. When ships call to a port, economic activities are created. This continues to generate direct, indirect and induced effects, which ripples through the economy given rise to a significant multiplier effect.
Since investment in seaports can create enormous impact, it becomes imperative to study and analyze the operations in ports, in other to forecast future trends. This is important due to the globalization of the maritime sector.
Therefore, Nigerian ports must be positioned to be efficient and competitive by providing adequate infrastructures and superstructures. Approach channels to the ports must be dredged to meet technological trends. The dredging of the lower Niger River would boost regional and national economies. However, adequate considerations should be made to the adjourning communities with respect to the externalities and social costs arising from such marine activities or project.