Human and Applied Physiology is an applied science that utilizes the knowledge of the specific characteristics and mechanisms that make the human body to be functionally peculiar as an automaton. It is a technologically based programme primarily meant to mitigate or resolve most diverse human functional challenges.
Human Physiology explains the physical and chemical factors that are responsible for the origin, development, growth and/or adaptation of human life. It has a strong relationship with other disciplines in medical and allied health or safety programmes. It is regarded as the ‘mother of all medical sciences’ and it is very fundamental in the training of medical, pharmaceutical, health, safety and bioengineering professionals like doctors, nurses, pharmacists, forensic / laboratory scientists, physiotherapists, optometrists, biomedical engineers and all other health-related scientists and technologists.
Applied Physiology is the use of the knowledge and skills in physiology to investigate and/or extrapolate the usefulness or otherwise of any physical, chemical or biological factor on the homeostatic mechanisms, and to professionally advise as appropriate. It is the technology that evaluates and explains the changes (pathophysiology) in the features and processes of each body fluid or structure in diverse conditions, and proffer professional advice on the safest prophylactic or normalization process.
The establishment of the Department to run a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) degree programme in Human and Applied Physiology in the Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) was based on the University’s mandate to produce the highly needed manpower for the technological development of the nation by laying greater emphasis on practical and professional experience of the students. This programme is concerned with how to apply the knowledge and skills acquired in Physiology to mitigate or solve glaring national health care, fitness and safety problems.
Unlike in most developed countries where Physiology has been applied in education, research, health and fitness care, pharmaceuticals, occupational health, environmental safety, bioengineering, impact assessments, among others, Nigeria is still using Physiology for mainly education and research purposes. This ugly trend in Nigeria had generated numerous graduates of Physiology who are not employable outside teaching and research ending up in frustration.
The Department’s Logo (on the cover page with FUTO logo) depicts the application of the knowledge of body (cardiac) functions to render service for human fitness, health and safety (FHS). Hence the motto ‘Human Functioning for Service’
PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME
Human and Applied Physiology programme is designed to ensure the basic training of students in theory and practice on Human Physiology so that the graduates will suitably utilize their knowledge and skills in mitigating or solving prevailing fitness, health and safety problems. Beyond Human Physiology, the programme inculcates the basic applications of human physiology in clinics, exercise, sports, occupational health and environmental safety in the students with systematically packaged courses, practicums, professional and entrepreneurial skills.
The programme is problem-solving focused and has all basic technological and professional practice-in- training for five years, including entrepreneurial courses, laboratory practice and professional postings with the Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme that lasts for 40 weeks. The acquisitions of these necessary practical, professional and entrepreneurial skills engender greater career opportunities of graduates in public or private sectors.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME
The aim of the B. Tech. programme in Human and Applied Physiology is to produce graduates equipped with fundamental knowledge of human physiology, pathophysiology, technological skills and work experience in order to carry out basic physiological measurements/assessments/screening at various health facilities, wworkplaces under emergency conditions or unusual environments; render professional pieces of advice, and prepare graduates for advanced programmes or researches in Applied Physiology.
The Objectives include:
- To train students, including those in other health-related disciplines, to acquire basic knowledge of physiological principles.
- To train students to acquire sufficient practical knowledge and skills in basic experimental physiology and research.
- To produce graduates who have good knowledge of physiology for further training in medicine, pharmaceutics, sports management, bioengineering, occupational health and environmental safety.
- To produce graduates who can be self employed to take accurate physiological measurements and make human functional assessments using devices like spirometer, sphygmomanometer, electroencephalograph, electrocardiograph and electromyograph and also assist in training other health professionals in specialized physiological techniques.
- To produce graduates who will be able to apply physiology knowledge to mitigate or solve human functional challenges in diverse life situations or work environments.
- To produce graduates with basic physiological knowledge sufficient for them to proceed for advanced studies or researches in physiology to enhance service to the nation.
- To produce graduates who are not only employable for teaching and research nationwide but can also adapt themselves after schooling to diverse work opportunities, including entrepreneurship.