The term ‘biomedical’ implies a greater emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases. Biomedical Technology is the synergy of Biotechnology and Medical Technology which consists of the applications of biological and medical engineering in solving problems related to man. It is concerned with the theory, design and production of biomedical systems, components and devices used in the basic levels of health care: Preventive, Therapeutic and Rehabilitative. Therefore, Biomedical Technology (BMT) broadly means the application of engineering principles and concepts to the area of living systems with the main emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases. It is often loosely called Biomedical Engineering which is primarily for health care purposes.
Man can be said to be a living machine performing according to the grand design of nature and therefore is amenable to various analytical considerations – a good number of which require engineering principles and practice. Thus, it became pragmatic for professionals in engineering and medicine to cooperate in the emerging and potentially lucrative and exciting field of biomedical technology.
Biomedical Technology is the modern application of biomedical engineering which involves the design, analysis and synthesis of healthy human systems or its components. The Design component is the general planning of a system; Analysis is the study of a system by examining its parts and their relationship; while Synthesis is the combination of separate things or subsystems to form a system or complete whole. It is based on the understanding of pure sciences like mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. However, Biology and Medicine form the major basis for Biomedical Engineering Technology.
Biomedical Engineering Technology, which is the focus of the Departmental programme, is the melting pot of all engineering disciplines applicable to biology and medicine. The programme is mainly concerned with the synthesis of appropriately relevant aspects of all engineering disciplines in tackling preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative challenges in Medicine. For instance, the students are trained on how to basically employ the principles and practice of Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical and Nuclear Engineering in the scientific study and resolution of practical problems in Medicine.
Clinical Engineering, an aspect of Biomedical Technology, involves medical measurements, developments of devices and interaction with relevant aspects of clinical practice. A graduate Clinical Engineer /Technologist naturally becomes an interface between the various medical equipment and the patient under the management and supervision of the Clinician. The programme, therefore, inculcates in her students the applications of the fundamentals of mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology to solve medically-relevant problems.
The functional activities of graduates of biomedical engineering / technology include medical device design, fabrication, and testing, prosthetics fabrication, ergonomics and human factors monitoring, physiological functions monitoring, home healthcare technology development, biomedical informatics, functional imaging and tomography, biomaterial development with biocompatibility, artificial tissue and organ fabrication, cell and biomolecule-based sensors, therapeutics, gene therapy development, biomedical microsystems and management.
Despite the current diversity of Biomedical Technology, its scope continues to change, and grow rapidly with advances in biology, materials science, medicine and technology. The Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) Biomedical Technology programme is primarily concerned with Health Care Equipment Research, Development, Installation, Use and Maintenance; Healthcare Data-Processing; Tissue and Regenerative Engineering; Rehabilitative Technology and Bioenergetics; Biomaterial and Pharmaceutical Technology for optimal healthcare delivery in the developing world.
VISION / MISSION
To produce a new kind of technological manpower which possesses planning, adaptive, technical, maintenance, development, and productive skills in bioengineering and medical technology; capable of understanding, using and adapting to existing modern technology, improve indigenous technology and develop new ones, and would be immediately productive in any biomedical technological enterprise or be gainful employed.
PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME
The programme provides excellence in knowledge acquisition, management and usage of health diagnostic and therapeutic tools and explores the frontiers of technology and provides solutions to various problems in biomedical science and engineering. It provides intuitively relevant scientific and innovative focus on the application of engineering principles, methodologies and techniques to the medical field and combines the design and problem-solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve overall healthcare diagnosis and treatment.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME
The main aim of the B. Tech. programme in Biomedical Technology is to produce graduates equipped with fundamental knowledge of relevant sciences, medicine and engineering principles and skills in order to carry out basic design, fabrication and management of biomedical devices or therapeutics to solve problems in medicine, healthcare and safety through service, entrepreneurialship, research and development.
The Objectives of the Programme include:
♦ To provide students with a broad and balanced scientific and practical foundation to be able to function as professional Biomedical Engineering /Technology practitioners.
♦ To inculcate in students a sense of enthusiasm in the profession in order to enhance their capacity to apply skills in biomedical technology in the solution of theoretical and practical problems in healthcare.
♦ To involve the students in an intellectually stimulating and satisfying experience of learning, studying and research.
♦ The application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field, to combine the design and problem-solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis and treatment.
♦ To develop in students, through education in biomedical technology, a range of transferable skills of value in medical equipment design, research and development.
♦ To provide students with a knowledge and skills base from which they can proceed to further studies in specialized areas involving medical sciences and ever-changing technological innovation to enhance healthcare delivery.
♦ To empower graduates of Biomedical Technology with skills that will enable them to engage in income yielding ventures as well as increasing their entrepreneurial capacity.